Epub 2017 Feb 27. 4.3. Chromium is absorbed by plants through carriers of essential ions such as sulfate. aquatic plants must be compared for their ability to take up pollutants. Cadmium Bioavailability, Uptake, Toxicity and Detoxification in Soil-Plant System. PGPB improve chromium uptake by modifying root architecture, secreting metal sequestering molecules in rhizosphere and alleviating chromium induced phytotoxicity. Chromium is toxic in high amounts to both plants and humans but the toxicity depends on the valency; chromium VI being substantially more toxic. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Manganese enrichment of the soil can increase cadmium uptake while high iron levels will decrease it (2). Anastasis Christou Agricultural Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and … 2012 ). Chromium induces phytotoxicity by interfering plant growth, nutrient uptake and photosynthesis, inducing enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species, causing lipid peroxidation and altering the antioxidant activities. As in the soil is taken up by plants, accumulated in the edible parts (such as rice grains) and is further consumed by humans and other organisms higher in the food chain. compared to control. A. M. Zayed and N. Terry, “Chromium in the environment: factors affecting biological remediation,” Plant and Soil, vol. Increasingly, anthropogenic perturbations of the biosphere manifest in a broad array of global phenomena, causing widespread contamination of most ecosystems, with high dispersion rates of many contaminants throughout different environmental compartments, including metals. Uptake of chromium. 2020 Sep 18;9(9):1230. doi: 10.3390/plants9091230. 2014 Jun 30;275:230-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.04.056. 2011 , Bundschuh et al. Consumption of Cr-contaminated-food can cause human health risks by inducing severe clinical conditions. Another study analyzed the uptake of Cr 6+ in free living floating aquatic macrophytes Eicchornia crassipes cultivated in non-toxic chromium-doped hydroponic solutions by PIXE, and demonstrated that Cr 6+ mass uptake by the macrophytes reached up to 70% of the initial concentrations (Espinoza-Quiñonesa et al., 2009). This review traces a plausible link among Cr speciation, bioavailability, phytouptake, phytotoxicity and detoxification based on available data, especially published from 2010 to 2016. In this context, this review discusses aspects of Cr uptake and transport, some physiological and biochemical effects of Cr exposure in plants, and molecular defense mechanisms against this metal. Heavy-metal-induced reactive oxygen species: phytotoxicity and physicochemical changes in plants. Chromium does not have any specific transporter for its uptake by plants and it primarily enters the plants through specific and non-specific channels of essential ions. Singh D, Sharma NL, Singh CK, Sarkar SK, Singh I, Dotaniya ML. Larrea tridentata (creosote bush), shows the ability to uptake chromium(VI) ions from solution. Therefore, the uptake of this heavy metal in through carriers used for the uptake of essential metals for plant metabolism. Therefore, there is a dire need to monitor biogeochemical behavior of Cr in soil-plant system. A study of the uptake of copper, nickel and chromium by “Kangkong air” and water hyacinths (Eich- horria crassipes) (Mart.) Medyńska-Juraszek A, Bednik M, Chohura P. Int J Environ Res Public Health. Inside plants, Cr provokes numerous deleterious effects to several physiological, morphological, and biochemical processes. Chromium mainly accumulates in the plant roots that triggers the uptake and translocation of Cr to the aerial plant parts [11,12,13]. Ahmad R, Ali S, Abid M, Rizwan M, Ali B, Tanveer A, Ahmad I, Azam M, Ghani MA. Shahid M, Pourrut B, Dumat C, Nadeem M, Aslam M, Pinelli E. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. Effect of chromium (VI) toxicity on morpho-physiological characteristics, yield, and yield components of two chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties. Farid M, Farid S, Zubair M, Ghani MA, Rizwan M, Ishaq HK, Alkahtani S, Abdel-Daim MM, Ali S. Front Plant Sci. View at: Publisher Site| Google Scholar See in References , 1… We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. 2020 Dec 3;15(12):e0243032. Casp., which is a submerged plant growing in the Willamette Valley but originally from South America, and Ceratophyllum demersum L. … Keywords: toxic metals, chromium, plants, Calotropis procera, phytoremediation, antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase. Recent advances in determining these responses, in fields of knowledge such as genomics, proteomics and metallomics, are discussed herein. Plant growth and development are essential processes of life and propagation of the species. Front. Factors that will influence selenium uptake by plants are pH, and selenium concentration in soils and nutrients. Sobns in wastewater from an electroplating plant is also discussed. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. The toxic Cr level can provoke various morphological, physiological, biochemical, and molecular alterations in plants [14,15]. Chromium (Cr) contamination in particular, is, increasingly, posing a serious threat to the environment, emerging as a major health hazard to the biota. Chromium restricts the uptake of nutrients in soil by forming insoluble compounds [ 65 ]. HHS while no significant enhancement in chromium uptake by tomato plant was observed on inoculation of Enterobacter sp. Chromium uptake and transport in … Epub 2019 Dec 9. J Hazard Mater. 2020 Sep 3;5(36):23099-23110. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.0c02874. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Immobilization and phytotoxicity of chromium in contaminated soil remediated by CMC-stabilized nZVI. © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. DOI: 10.1007/BF00011706. Chromium reduced leaf elemental nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), and increased aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn) uptake. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Chromium accumulates predominantly in plant root tissues with very limited translocation to shoots. 3.2 Chromium toxicity in plants. Various past and recent studies highlight the biogeochemistry of Cr in the soil-plant system. 2017;241:73-137. doi: 10.1007/398_2016_8. Soil microbial community plays a key role in governing Cr speciation and behavior in soil. This means that Zea mays roots have the greatest tendency to concentrate Cr (VI), the concentration in these plant parts being 11.7 times greater than in the surrounding soil. Nutrient uptake is thereby inhibited by the metal toxicity especially when the concentration of the metal exceeds its permissible limits [ 66 ]. 2020 Oct 27;17(21):7861. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17217861. Shahid M, Dumat C, Khalid S, Niazi NK, Antunes PMC. Whereas Cr(VI) has been demonstrated to produce serious damage to living cells, it is considered that Cr(III) is less toxic because of its extremely low solubility, which prevents its leaching into ground water or its uptake by plants. Non-Am plants the root plasma membrane environment, including air, water and soil 1976 45! Have shed new light on plant defense strategies a toxic, non-essential element to plants hence... 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